What is the Global Bio-Fuel Alliance?

Established by India in 2023 during its term as president of the G20, the Global Biofuels Alliance (GBA) seeks to foster cooperation between governments, international organizations, and industry stakeholders in order to advance the use of sustainable biofuels.

Currently, 23 nations and 6 international organizations make up the Global Biofuels Alliance’s 29 members. A number of countries and organizations are involved: Argentina, Bangladesh, Brazil, Canada, Finland, Guyana, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Italy, Kenya, Mauritius, Mexico, Paraguay, Philippines, Singapore, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Asian Development Bank, Biofuels International, International Energy Agency, International Renewable Energy Agency, UN Environment Programme, and the World Bank.

What are the objectives of the global biofuels alliance?

-With an emphasis on the transportation industry, it seeks to advance the use of biofuels in a sustainable manner.

-It encourages collaboration and international cooperation between nations, businesses, and organizations.

-The partnership wants to expedite the shift to greener energy sources and support international initiatives aimed at lowering carbon emissions.

-to improve energy security through lowering reliance on fossil fuels. 

-The alliance wants to diversify energy sources and lessen reliance on imports of fossil fuels due to supply-side and geopolitical disruptions by encouraging the development and use of biofuels.

The importance of this alliance to India

India can work with other countries in the biofuels industry on a strategic platform thanks to the Global Biofuels Alliance. It will aid in the sharing of information, best practices, and technological advancements pertaining to the production and application of biofuels.

India’s biofuels sector can be strengthened by utilizing the Global Biofuels Alliance. The growth of this industry contributes to the expansion of the economy of the country by fostering innovation, investments, and new job possibilities. India is currently a significant producer of biofuels, including biodiesel and ethanol. Nonetheless, there remains a great deal of room for growth in India’s biofuel output.

India can realize its potential with the support and resources provided by the Global Biofuels Alliance. 

India is third in the world for both ethanol production and consumption and due to that India now has easier access to markets for exporting ethanol and other biofuels to foreign nations thanks to the partnership.

What are the challenges?

Many businesses have tried producing biofuel from biomass in the past, but they have faced difficulties with storage, procurement, and cost. Consequently, guaranteeing a steady and sustainable supply of feedstock for the production of biofuels is a major challenge facing the Global Biofuels Alliance. Though not as much as conventional fuels, biofuels do release greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. Getting biomass from waste materials such as cow dung, stubbles, or intentionally grown trees is essential. Encouraging the planting of additional trees mitigates the harm that deforestation causes to the environment, which goes against the goal of biofuels. An additional worry is that in certain nations, the development of biofuels may result in food shortages. This is so that food crops can be used to make biofuels. 


An urgent worry is India’s overreliance on oil imports, which supply over 85% of the country’s energy requirements. The nation’s foreign exchange reserves are strained by this dependency. The transportation industry is a major source of emissions in India and around the world, thus switching to greener energy sources like biofuels is necessary. India is dedicated to lowering carbon emissions and its reliance on imported petroleum by advancing biofuels as a clean energy substitute. India wants to mix 20% of ethanol by 2025, having already blended 10% of ethanol. Additionally, it is planned to start blending biodiesel with diesel on April 1, 2024. India may work with other countries on a strategic platform through the Global Biofuels Alliance, which facilitates the trade of biofuels and the sharing of technology that is essential for reaching sustainable energy goals.