What is happening between India and Canada?

Canadian Khalistan fanatic Hardeep Singh Nijjar was killed on September 19, 2023, according to Indian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, who made the accusation. There is no evidence to support the accusations. No supporting data for Canada’s assertions have been made public. The allegations have seriously strained ties between Canada and India. Let’s look at how the relationship between India and Canada has changed over time and why it has been worse recently. There is a bit of relation between india and canada and this dates back to 1970. Relations between India and Canada date back a long time. Both nations formally established diplomatic ties with one another in 1947. One of the initial nations to acknowledge India’s independence was Canada.Since then, the two nations have maintained close ties. Canada established a diplomatic mission around New Delhi in 1948, while India did the same in Ottawa in 1949.The decades between 1970 and 1980 saw a boom in bilateral partnerships. India began to work closely with Canada, particularly in the areas of trade, education, and technology.Indian nuclear testing in 1998 caused Canada and India to have strained relations as a result of divergent views on nuclear proliferation. Canada levied fines, but things got better over time. A number of shared principles between the two nations include freedom and variety.

What’s the importance of this relationship?

The largest Indian diaspora outside of India is found in Canada.Since 2018, students from India have made up the majority of the foreign students studying in Canada.India was Canada’s tenth-largest trading partner in 2022 in terms of trade. The overall amount of commerce between the two nations was fairly balanced at $8 billion, with India having a modest trade surplus of about $58 million in 2022–2023. India has the fastest-growing major economy in the world, and as a result, the Canadian economy is dependent more and more on its expanding market. The United Nations, the Commonwealth of Nations, and the G20, now known as the G21, are just a few of the international organizations that India and Canada are both members of. Global concerns including climate change, development, and security are among the ones on which the two nations collaborate. Other significant nations in the Indo-Pacific are Canada and India, which work to restrain China’s expanding influence.

What are the challenges of this relationship?

Supporters of the Khalistan ideology reside in Canada. The Indian government has charged Canada with being overly friendly to the Khalistan cause and failing to take sufficient action against local Khalistani militants. To gain the support of these Khalistani fanatics and secure their votes, Canada’s present administration is prepared to jeopardize its relations with India.The present Canadian government has regularly meddled in India’s domestic affairs in order to win votes. Examples include charging India with violating human rights in relation to the Kashmir dispute, the Citizenship Amendment Act, and the Farm legislation. Since Justin Trudeau, the prime minister of Canada, falsely accused India’s government of taking part in the killing of a Canadian citizen who was a Khalistani terrorist, relations between the two countries have gotten worse. Both nations have suspended the granting of visas to their respective citizens as well as released travel warnings.

What are the results of this conflict?

It may take years to repair the relationship between India and Canada after the dispute has already done significant damage to it. This would make it more challenging for the two nations to work together on crucial international issues. Both nations may suffer economic losses as a result of the conflict. India and Canada have substantial trade benefits and potential, but it will now take more time for them to be fully realized.Additionally, it will be challenging to work together to preserve stability and peace in the Indo-Pacific area.


Although they are significant allies, India and Canada also frequently dispute. Depending on how the two nations handle their differences, the relationship might either strengthen or deteriorate over the next few years. Long-term diplomatic ties with India must take precedence above petty vote-bank politics in Canada. A mutually beneficial relationship that goes beyond electoral considerations and advances peace and stability in the region can be fostered by Canada by rejecting radical beliefs, responding to India’s concerns, and engaging in constructive discourse.This is advantageous for Canada’s domestic peace and stability as well as for commerce and economic growth between the two countries.It is never a good idea to shelter extremists, and doing so could endanger Canada in the long run.Both nations have a lengthy tradition of collaboration and a lot of common interests.The detrimental effects of the conflict can be avoided if the two nations can successfully manage their differences. Big nations like Canada and India should work to end the conflict and improve their relationship for the benefit of both countries as well as the rest of the world.