The National Quantum Mission(NQM)
Establishing India as a global leader in quantum technologies, the mission has a budget of Rs 6,003 crore and a schedule spanning from 2023 to 2031. Its goal is to expedite the development and use of quantum technologies in India. A subset of cutting-edge technology known as quantum technology functions using concepts from quantum physics, including quantum entanglement and superposition. Even while the scientific aspects could seem complicated, it’s crucial to remember that commonplace gadgets like smartphones employ quantum technology without necessitating a deep understanding of quantum mechanics. Further examples of commonplace devices utilizing quantum concepts include laser scanners, GPS, LED lights, and MRI equipment.
What is the purpose of NQM?
-The mission of the NQM is to kickstart, support, and expand industry and scientific research in quantum technology. This includes creating devices based on quantum technology, such as sensors, computers, and communication.
-In addition, NQM is contributing to the development of new materials, such as superconductors, which are required to construct these quantum devices. These materials are necessary for the fabrication of sensors, communication devices, and quantum computers.
-Its goal is to make communication extremely safe, allowing users to transmit private information without fear of being spied on. For data security and privacy, this is essential.
-Super-precise sensors are being developed by NQM for a variety of applications, including mineral extraction, environmental monitoring, and healthcare. Compared to conventional ones, these sensors have substantially higher accuracy and sensitivity.
-In the field of quantum technology, India aspires to lead. With its focus on energy and diagnostics as well as healthcare and defense, the NQM seeks to position India as a leader in quantum applications.
Challenges of NQM
-Large sums of money are needed for quantum technology research and development. Securing consistent and significant funding for quantum projects from the public and private sectors is difficult.
-The infrastructure required for quantum computing, such as super-cold cooling systems and specialized networking equipment, is exceedingly expensive and complex to create and maintain.
-The development of quantum technology takes time. It’s difficult to continue the mission for an extended period of time when politics and priorities shift.
-Experts in quantum computing, quantum physics, and quantum materials are required for quantum technology. There is fierce rivalry for these highly skilled experts’ services on a worldwide scale, making it difficult to draw and retain them.
There is great potential for changing several fields and solving important societal issues with quantum technologies. An admirable endeavor, India’s National Quantum Mission seeks to establish the nation as a leader in this quickly expanding field. India can gain substantial scientific, economic, and technological advantages by promoting the study, creation, and implementation of quantum-based technology in a variety of fields. Nonetheless, a coordinated effort from the scientific community, governments, and industry is needed to overcome the technological, financial, and societal obstacles related to the development of quantum technology. Quantum technologies have the power to change the world via persistent investment and cooperation, resulting in breakthroughs in artificial intelligence, materials science, healthcare, and other fields.